Exercise and Bone Mineral Density
Over 1 million Australians have osteoporosis, a condition in which an individual’s bones become fragile, and are therefore at a higher risk of fractures.
Osteopenia, or low bone density, is when the density of a person’s bones falls between normal ranges and diagnosed osteoporosis. Areas commonly affected include the wrists, spine, and hip but low bone density can be found throughout the body.
Risk factors for osteoporosis include anyone over 50, post-menopausal women, a family history of osteoporosis, low calcium and vitamin D, some medications and other chronic conditions, low levels of physical activity, smoking, excessive alcohol intake and both being underweight or obese.